NYSCAS: New York School of Career and Applied Studies

Natural Sciences

The Division of Natural Sciences includes the departments of Biology, Chemistry and Physics. Courses offered by these departments enable students to fulfill the science requirements for Health Sciences sequences. They also enable students to fulfill liberal arts and science requirements as well as concentrations in Interdisciplinary Liberal Arts.


K. Danishefsky, Chair (Lander Colleges of Arts and Sciences); A. Gussin, Deputy Chair (Lander College of Arts and Sciences, Flatbush campus); S. Shyam, Chair (NYSCAS); D. Gurel, Chair, Chemistry and Physics; M. Benjaminson, M. Chowdhury, H. Feldman, J. Gilchriest, N. Graff, W. Gutierrez, E. Kon, M. Kossove, S. Narayanan, A. Shinner, T. Werblowsky, J. Worthman-Leva


General Science (Non-Laboratory)
Note: A related one-credit "topics" or workshop course may be offered with certain three-credit General Science courses.

GSB 113 Human Biology for Non-Education Students (Fall, Spring)
A course designed to provide an understanding of the principles of human biology for non-science students. Topics covered include: biochemistry, cell structure and function, cellular reproduction, digestion, nutrition, circulation, excretion, metabolism, hormonal control, the nervous system, reproduction and heredity.
3 credits

GSS 100 Introduction to Life Sciences (formerly Introduction to Health Sciences) (Fall, Spring)
An introductory course designed for students who choose the science option. It deals with major concepts and scientific terms in biology, biochemistry, anatomy, physiology, genetics, and taxonomy.
4 credits

GSS 104 History of Science (also offered as GHS 104) (upon request)
This course examines the role of science in the development of Western Civilization from its beginning as an area of astrological inquiry and speculation to its extraordinary impact on twentieth-century life.
4 credits

GSS 105 Survey of Natural History (upon request)
Study of the general structural features of different groups of organisms to emphasize the diversity of life. Ecological aspects include the interrelationship between the organism, populations, and communities, and their environment. Includes at least one trip to the Museum of Natural History.
4 credits

GSS 108 Ethics and Life Sciences (also offered as GPH 108) (Fall, Spring)
Genetic manipulation, cloning, abortion, euthanasia, behavior modification, the practice of behavior control upon groups, and other ethical issues are considered from the scientific and moral points of view.
4 credits

GSS 109 Physical Geology (Fall, Spring)
Basic principles of physical and historical geology, with emphasis on the following topics: volcanoes, earthquakes, land-slides, deformation of the earth's crust, continental drift and plate tectonics, extinction (e.g. the dinosaurs). Includes at least one fossil-collecting field trip to upstate New York, and other trips in the metropolitan area.
4 credits

GSS 215 Life and Health Science (upon request)
An introduction to life and health for non-science majors. This course introduces the concepts of health and disease. Topics include stress and emotional health, physical fitness, diet and nutrition, weight management, sexual health and communicable diseases, cardiovascular diseases, cancer, drugs, alcohol and tobacco, injury prevention, environmental health, geriatric health, and health care in America.
3 credits

GSS 216 Life and Health Project (upon request)
Individual student projects are completed in conjunction with GSS 215.
Co-requisite: GSS 215. 1 credit

GSS 217 HIV and Drug Addictions (Fall)
This course explores the social and medical issues of HIV populations from a cross-cultural perspective. It covers the issues encountered in the correctional, social service and health care systems and teaches students how to assess needs and develop a service network.
Prerequisite: GPS 201. Co-requisite: GSO 121. 3 credits

GSS 246 Nutrition and Human Development (Spring)
This course offers a specialized review of the principles of sound nutrition and the effects of diet on personal well-being. Environmental, social, physical, and psychological reasons underlying poor diet are examined.
3 credits

GSS 350 Nutritional Therapies (upon request)
This course analyzes the basis for diet therapy and the nutritional care of the individual who requires altered nutritional needs. Emphasis is on the role of nutrition in the prevention and treatment of disease.
Prerequisite: GSS 246. 3 credits

GSS 400 Topics in Science (upon request)
Study of selected topics in science.
1-4 credits

GSS 481-482 Independent Study (upon request)
Prerequisite: Departmental and Dean's permission.
Credits by arrangement.

Laboratory Science: Biology
GSB 101-102 Principles of Biology I, II (Fall, Spring)
A two-semester course in general biology involving the study of morphology, anatomy, physiology, and embryology of the Monera, Protista, Fungi, Plantae, and Animalia to provide the students with an adequate background of the various life processes (lecture & laboratory). Not open to students who have taken GSB 111.
Prerequisite: GSS 100 or exemption and departmental approval. 4 credits each

GSB 111 Human Biology for Non-Majors (also offered as BIO 111*) (Fall, Spring)
A course designed to provide an understanding of the principles of human biology for the non-science student. Topics covered include: biochemistry, cell structure and function, cellular reproduction, digestion, nutrition, circulation, excretion, metabolism, hormonal control, nervous system, reproduction and inheritance. Laboratory exercises on topics discussed in lectures are included. Not open to students who have taken GSB 101.
4 credits

GSB 117 Human Anatomy and Physiology I (also offered as BIO 117*) (Fall, Spring)
This course is designed for pre-professional students (i.e., OTA, PTA and Medical Coding) as an introduction to a basic understanding of the structural organization of the human body starting with the tissues, integumentary, skeletal, muscular, digestive and nervous systems. The course will focus on the cellular organization and on the tissue and organ level of each system. In laboratory exercises, students study and learn structures from various available anatomical models. Not for science majors.
4 credits

GSB 118 Human Anatomy and Physiology II (also offered as BIO 118*) (Fall, Spring)
This is the second of the two courses offered to pre-professional students. The course focuses on the organization of the cardiovascular, respiratory, lymphatic, endocrine, urinary and reproductive systems. Class discussions deal with the basic cellular, tissue level and organ level organization of each system. Functional significances as well as clinical correlations of some structures are also covered. Special focus will be on fertilization and reproduction, pregnancy and lactation, coronary and cerebrovascular circulation. Laboratory exercises include studying structures from available anatomical models. Not for science majors.
Prerequisite: GSB 117. 4 credits

*See bulletin of the Lander Colleges of Arts and Sciences.

GSB 222-223 Anatomy and Physiology I, II (Fall, Spring)
A two-semester course involving the study of the anatomy of the human body, cells, tissues, organs and organ systems, and physiological principles which govern human functions (lecture and laboratory).
Prerequisite: GSB 102. 4 credits each

GSB 228 Microbiology (Spring)
Prevention and control of disease and the basic principles of microbiology as applied to personal and community hygiene (lecture and laboratory sessions).
Prerequisite: GSB 102. 4 credits

Laboratory Science: Chemistry
GSC 101 Principles of Inorganic Chemistry I (Fall)
Topics include classification and states of matter, atomic structure, chemical bonding, stoichiometry, and thermochemistry. Problem-solving is an integral part of the course.
Prerequisite or co-requisite: GSM 134. 4 credits

GSC 102 Principles of Inorganic Chemistry II
Topics include properties of solutions, thermodynamics and chemical equilibrium, rates of chemical reactions, acid base equilibria, electrochemistry, and nuclear chemistry.
Prerequisite: GSC 101. 4 credits

GSC 201-202 Principles of Organic Chemistry (upon request)
Topics covered include reactions, synthetic procedures, and methods for differentiation and identification. Mechanisms of reactions, stereochemistry, and spectroscopy are emphasized. Details of the characteristics of aliphatic and aromatic compounds with different functional groups are stressed. Laboratory work with the methodology involved in synthetic and analytic procedures.
Prerequisites: GSC 102. 4 credits each

GSC 230 Fundamentals of Inorganic Chemistry for Non-Majors (upon request)
This course introduces the basic concepts and laboratory techniques of inorganic chemistry. Topics covered include atomic structure, chemical bonding, states of matter, stoichiometry, chemical kinetics and equilibrium, thermodynamics, acids and bases, oxidation-reduction, and electrochemistry.
Prerequisite: GSM 130. 4 credits

GSC 231 Organic Chemistry for Non-Majors (upon request)
Fundamentals of organic chemistry are studied by stressing functional groups. The chemistry of biologically important molecules such as carbohydrates, lipids, proteins and nucleic acids is discussed. Basic techniques of separation and purification of the organic laboratory such as crystallization, distillation, extraction, and chromatography are introduced. Synthetic tools are also utilized.
Prerequisite: GSC 230 or equivalent. 4 credits

Laboratory Science: Physics
GSP 101-102 General Physics I & II (Fall, Spring)
This two-semester course is designed for the non-physics major and covers relativity and nuclear, atomic, and molecular structure; classical mechanics; heat, electricity, magnetism, and light. The approach is generally quantitative, but does not require calculus. Laboratory experiments illustrate and test the fundamental laws and the reliability of results.
Prerequisite: GSM 134. 4 credits each

GSP 151 The Physical Universe (upon request)
This course aims to provide non-science majors with a conceptual understanding of physics. Students learn the basic principle of Newtonian physics and how it is applied to real-world phenomena. An emphasis on the areas of mechanics and wave phenomena with applications to sound and light.
Prerequisite: GSM 130. 3 credits

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